Strategi Hukum Tata Negara Progresif Mencegah Politik Uang Pemilu Serentak

Main Article Content

Agus Riewanto

Abstract

This article examines the strategy of constitutional law from a progressive perspective in preventing money politics in simultaneous elections. The practice of money politics in every election always occurs in Indonesia, but all conventional constitutional law efforts have not been able to nullify it. So a progressive constitutional governance strategy is needed, which is to find new ways (role breaking) and innovative breakthroughs if the normative and normative legal methods are not able to immediately realize the goal of elections with integrity. This progressive prevention is carried out from upstream to downstream. A number of progressive strategic ideas from constitutional law aspects that can be done to prevent money politics include: First, the progressive arrangement changes the model of the electoral system from liberal to competitive; Secondly, progressive regulation of restrictions on candidate campaign resources and political parties; Third, the progressive arrangement of campaign money electronic transactions; Fourth, the progressive regulation on the prohibition of corruptor candidates; Fifth, the progressive arrangement of political parties' coalitions and the selection of democratic candidates; Sixth, the progressive arrangement for the cancellation of election-winning political parties that conduct money politics by the Constitutional Court; Seventh, the progressive regulation of the obligations of political parties to educate anti-money politic to their constituents; Eighth, progressive regulation of election organizers with integrity.


 


Keywords: Progressive of Contitutional Law, Strategy Preventing and Money Politic


 

Article Details

Section
Articles

References

Birch, Sarah. 2012. Electoral Malpractice, Comparative Politic, Oxford University.

Dworkin, Ronald. 1986. Law‟s Empire and Freedom‟s Law: The Moral Reading of The American Constitution, Harvard University Press.
Djani, Lucky. 2016. Peran Uang dalam Demokrasi Elektoral Indonesia, dalam AE Priyono dan Usman Hamid, 2016, Merancang Arah Baru Demokrasi Indonesia Pasca-Reformasi, Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia, Kerjasam dengan Public Virtue Institute, Hovas, dan Yayasan Tifa, Jakarta.

Ginsberg, Morris. 2003. Keadilan dalam Masyarakat, terjemahan dari “On Justice in Society”, Yogyakarta: Pondok Edukasi.

Junaidi, dkk, Veri, 2011, Anomali Keuangan Partai Politik, Penganturan dan Praktek, Kemitraan Bagi Pembaruan Tata Pemerintahaan, Jakarta.

Kompas, 14 Maret 2014, hal 2.

Kompas, 22 Juni 2014

Kompas, 25 Maret 2014

Mietzner, Marcus. 2009. Indonesia’s 2009 Election: Populism, Dynesties, and The Consolidated of the Party System, Analysis, dalam https://www.files.ethz.ch/isn/100187/Mietzner_0509LowyAnalysis.pdf, Diakses pada tanggal, 23 Sdeptember 2018.

Media Indonesia, 15 April 2014

Nassmacher, Karl-Heinz ed. 2001. Foundations for Democracy, Approaches to Comparative Political Finance, Essays in Honour of Herbert E. Alexander, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Baden-Baden.

Reutre, Thomas. 2015. dalam “Political Parties and the Power of Money in Indonesia and Beyond in TraNS: Trans-Regional and- National Studies of Southeas Asia, Volume 3, Special Issue 2 (Bequeathing Families) July 2015.

Raharjo, Satjipto. 2012. Hukum Progresif Sebagai Dasar Pembangunan Ilmu Hukum Indononesia, dalam Ahmad Gunawan (Penyunting), 2012, Menggags Hukum Progresif Indonesia, Pustaka Pelajar, Jakarta.

Riewanto, Agus. 2018, Model Setting of Politcal Party System and Electoral Systems to Prevent Political Corruption, Jurnal Cita Hukum (Indonesia Law Journal) Vol. 6 No.2, Fakultas Syariah dan Hukum UIN Jakarta.

Riewanto, Agus. 2018. Mahkamah Agung Pembela Caleg Napi Korupsi, Media Indonesia, 17 September 2018.

Riewanto, Agus. 2014. Membudayakan Sanksi Cabut Hak Politik Koruptor, Media Indonesia, 20 September 2014.

Riewanto, Agus. 2015, Korelasi Pengaturan Sistem Pemilu Proporsional Terbuka Berbasis Suara Terbanyak Dengan Korupsi Politik Di Indonesia, Jurnal Hukum Yustisia. Vol. 4 No. 1 Januari - April 2015 Fakultas Hukum Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta.

Riewanto, Agus. 2014. Penegakan Hukum Kecurangan Pemilu Tahun 2014, Media Indonesia, 19 April 2014

Sadono. Bambang. 2010. “Hukum Tata Negara Yang Progresif” Suara Karya, 17 Mei 2010.

Supriyanto, Didik. 2015. “Besaran Bantuan Partai Politik”, Kompas, 19 Maret.

http://kbbi.web.id/progresif, diakses pada tanggal, 19 Juni 2016.

https://www.conservapedia.com/Materialism, diakses pada tanggal, 23 September 2018.

Safa’at, Muchamad Ali. 2010. Pembubaran Partai Politik, Pengaturan dan Praktek Pembubaran Partai Politik dalam Pergulatan Republik, Rajawali Press, Jakarta

Satjipto Rahardjo. 2008. Membedah Hukum Progresif. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kompas.

Tillyris, Demetris, 2016, The Virtue of Vice: A Defence of Hypocrisy In Democratic Politics, University of Leed Press.

Winters, Jeffrey A. 2016. Electoral Dynamics in Indonesia: Money Politics, Patronage and Clientelism at the Grassroots, Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 2016, vol. 52, issue 3.

Young, Alexander P. 2011. Cartel Parties and Party Competition: Growth and Analysis, In Inquires Journal, Vol.3. No.01.p.1 di http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/articles/368/cartel-parties-and-party-competition-growth-and-analysis. Diakses pada tanggal, 23 September 2018.@