Kontekstualisasi Pilkada Riau: Sosiokultural, Relasi Klientalistik dan Indikasi Politik Uang

Main Article Content

Fauzan Misra
Sudarmoko Sudarmoko
Apriwan Apriwan
Amri Hakim
Muhammad Ichsan Kabullah
Fajri Rahman

Abstract

The local election as an electoral competition cannot be separated from the threat of money politics. This study tries to identify the amount of money politics received by voters in the Pemilukada. This is important considering that there are no clear parameters in calculating the real costs incurred by candidates in the Pemilukada. The results of the study indicate that sociocultural factors play an important role in the local elections in Riau. This study also found that there are three types of clientelistic relationships that are built, namely ethnicity-based relationships, broker-based relationships, and constituent service-based relationships.

Article Details

Section
Articles

References

As’ad, M. U. (2016). Kapitalisasi Demokrasi dan Jaringan Patronase Politik: Keterlibatan Pengusaha Tambang dalam Pilkada di Kalimantan Selatan. As Siyasah, 1 (1), 34-41.

Aspinall, E. dan M. Sukmajati (2016). Electoral Dynamics in Indonesia: Money Politics, Patronage and Clientelism at the Grassroots. NUS Press. Singapura.

Aspinall, E dan W. Berenschot. (2019). Democracy for Sale: Pemilu, Klientelisme, dan Negara di Indonesia. Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia. Jakarta.

Berenschot, W. (2018). The political economy of clientelism: A comparative study of Indonesia’s patronage democracy. Comparative political studies 51(12): 1563-1593.

Bryman, A. dan E. Bell. (2011). Business Research Methods, third edition. Oxford University Press. Oxford.

Corbin, J. M. dan A. L. Strauss. (2008). Basics of qualitative research: techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory. SAGE Publications. California.

De Asis, M. G. (2006). Anti corruption reform in rule of law programs. Paper. World Bank, Washington DC.

Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). ‘Building theories from case study research’. Academy of Management Review 14(4): 532–550.

Fahmi, K. (2011). Pemilihan Umum dan Kedaulatan Rakyat. Raja Grafindo Persada. Jakarta.

Fahmi, K., S. Isra., Z. A. Muchtar, dan H. Tegnan. (2019). The role of the law in safeguarding electoral democracy in Indonesia. Journal of Legal, Ethical, and Regulatory Issues 22 (2): 1-6.

Fajri, M. N. dan M. I Kabullah. (2019). PKK, Potensi Pemanfaatan Keuangan Negara, dan Neo-Ibuisme Negara di Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Adhyasta Pemilu 6 (2): 85-97.

Ferraz, C dan F. Finan. (2007). Electoral Accountability and Corruption in Local Governments: Evidence from Audit Reports. IZA Discussion Paper No. 2843. Bonn, Jerman.

Hadiz, V. R. dan R. Robison. (2014). ‘The Political Economy of Oligarchy and the Reorganization of Power in Indonesia’, dalam Michele Ford dan Thomas B. Pepinsky (eds), Beyond Oligarchy. Cornell University Press. Ithaca.

Hanafi, R. I. (2014). Pemilihan Langsung Kepala Daerah di Indonesia: Beberapa Catatan Kritis untuk Partai Politik. Jurnal Penelitian Politik 11 (2): 1-16.

Hicken, A. (2011). Clientelism. Annual Reviews of Political Science. 14: 289–310.

Isra, S., Yuliandri., F. Amsari, dan H. Tegnan. (2017). Obstruction of justice in the effort to eradicate corruption in Indonesia. International Journal of Law, Crime, and Justice, 51: 72-83.

Kabullah, M. I. dan Fajri, M. N. (2021). Neo-ibuism in Indonesian politics: election campaigns of wives of regional heads in West Sumatra in 2019 Journal of Current Southesast Asian Affairs 40(1): 136-155.

Kabullah, M. I., Amsari, F., Arifin, W., & Misra, F. (2020). Accountability Dysfunction in Campaign Finance Regulations: A Case Study of the 2018 Jambi Simultaneous General Elections. Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance 12(2): 225-236.

Saunders, M., P. Lewis, dan A. Thornhill. (2009) Research methods for business students. Pearson education. London.

Silverman, D. (2010) Doing qualitative research. SAGE Publications. California

Scott, J. C. (1977). “Patron-client and Political Change in Southeast Asia” dalam James C. Scott, et. al., (ed.). Friends, Followers and Faction: A Reader in Political Clientelism. Barkeley: University of California Press. California.

Stokes, S. C. (2011). What Killed Clientelism in the Advanced Democracies?. In APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper. Seattle, USA.

Surbakti, A. R., Supriyanto, D., dan Asy'ari, H. (2011). Merancang sistem politik demokratis: menuju pemerintahan presidensial yang efektif: Kemitraan bagi Pembaruan Tata Pemerintahan. Penerbit Kemitraan. Jakarta.

Sylvia T. (2012). Performing the state: everyday practices, corruption and reciprocity in middle Indonesian civil service. Ph.D thesis, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Universiteit van Amsterdam. Retrieved from: http://dare.uva.nl/record/410537

Warburton, E. dan Aspinall, E. (2019). Explaining Indonesia’s Democratic Regression. Contemporary Southeast Asia 41(2): 255-285.

Widyoko, J. D. (2018). Politik, Patronase dan Pengadaan. Integritas: Jurnal Anti Korupsi, 4 (2): 1-24.

Winters, J. A. (2011). Oligarchy. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge