Main Article Content
The root problem of political corruption in Indonesia is in fact on the governance of political parties. Political parties in Indonesia seem to be handicapped, and lose their ability in producing competent politicians. Political parties, too, seem to be weak in politic canalization, as they almost lose their role decencies to absorb, collect, and communicate political aspiration of the citizens in formulating and establishing public policies. It leads into a phenomenon where the citizens’ aspiration in accessing fair and just policies is blocked. Corrupt political system in Indonesia has an impact on the livelihoods of people. Corruption causes an increase in poverty, unemployment, employment in informal sectors, social gap, and complaint in public services. The statement is supported by a research-based article by Svetlana Absalyamova et al (2016) in Russia that found that there is a direct impact of corruption on social inequality. Consequently, there should be a systematic reform within the Indonesian political parties, especially in the area of political party financing, total abolition of oligarchs system to democratic/merit system, and serious effort in caderisation process.
Gerring, John & Thacker, Strom C., 2004, Political institutions and corruption: the role of unitarism and parliamentarism, Cambridge University Press: United Kingdom.
Hopkin, Jonathan, 2004, “The problem with party finance: theoritical perspectives on the funding of party politics”, Journal of Party Politics, volume 10, No. 6, hlm. 1 – 43.
KPK, 2017, Studi Potensi Benturan Kepentingan dalam Pendanaan Pilkada (Study of Conflict of Interest in Local Election Financing), KPK: Jakarta.
KPK, 2014, Eight Agenda of Anticorruption for the President 2014-2019: initiatives on corruption eradication, law enforcement, politics, citizenship, and governance, KPK: Jakarta.
KPK, 2014, Pendanaan partai politik: mencari pola pendanaan partai politik sebagai upaya mencegah korupsi politik (political party financing: searching for political party financing pattern as a means of preventing political corruption), KPK: Jakarta.
KPK, 2013, Studi sistem politik berintegritas (study of integrity of political system), KPK: Jakarta.
Larmour, Peter, 2012, Interpreting corruption: culture and politics in the Pacific Islands, University of Hawaii Press: Honolulu.
Mietzner, Marcus, 2013, “Political party financing in Indonesia is a recipe for corruption”, Strategic Review, Oktober-Desember, Volume 3, No. 4.
Noor, Firman, n. d., Pelembagaan Partai Politik: Perspektif, Pengertian, dan Operasionalisasi Konsep (Institutionalizing Political Party: perspective, meaning, and operationalization of the concept), Pusat Kajian Politik, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial & Ilmu Politik, Universitas Indonesia (Centre for Political Study, Faculty of Social Sciences and Politics, University of Indonesia): Depok.
Nye, Joseph S., 1967, “Corruption and political development: a cost-benefit analysis”, in American Political Science Review 61: 417-427.
Öhman, Magnus and Zainulbhai, Hani (Eds.), n. d., Political Finance Regulation: The Global Experience, International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES): Washington DC.
Philp, Mark, 2002, “Conceptualizing Political Corruption”, in Heidenheimer, Arnold J. & Johnston, Michael (eds), Political Corruption: a hand book, Third Edition, Transaction Publisher: New Jersey.
Surbakti, Ramlan and Supriyanto, Didik, 2011, Pengendalian Keuangan Partai Politik (Monitoring of Political Party Finance), Seri Demokrasi Elektoral: Buku 10 (Book 10: Series of Electoral Democracy), Kemitraan bagi Pembaruan Tata Pemerintahan: Jakarta.
Svetlana Absalyamova et al, 2016, “The impact of corruption on the sustainable development of human capital”, in Journal of Physics, Conf. Ser. 738 012009.
Van Biezen, Ingrid, 2003, Financing political parties and election campaigns – guidelines, University of Birmingham: United Kingdom.